Bhutan : The Land of Thunder Dragon
The tiny Kingdom of Bhutan lies hidden in the folds of the eastern Himalayas sandwiched between the two giant countries of India in the south and China in the north. With a total area of 38,398 sq kilometers, approximately the size of Switzerland, Bhutan lies between 88° 45’ and 92°10’ longitude east and 26°40’ and 28°15 ’ north. It is a mountainous country except for a small flat strip in the southern foothills. In the north we border with Tibet, the autonomous region under China, the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh and in the south with the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal.
Bhutan is also known as “Druk Yul” meaning “The Land of the Thunder Dragon”. Its altitude varies from 180m to 7550m above the sea level. The landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the Himalayan heights in the north, with some peaks exceeding seven thousand meters. The breathtaking landscape is dotted with fluttering prayer flags, colourful farmhouses amidst the terraced fields, and impressive monasteries clinging to impossible cliffs.
Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion and the population is predominantly Buddhist, with Hinduism being the second most dominant. Thimphu is the capital and largest city. The vibrant festivals celebrated in Bhutan are one of the central attractions for visiting guests, as the unique and colourful celebrations offer glimpses into the country’s age-old traditions and culture.